What types of jobs do electricians perform? An electrician is a skilled tradesman specializing in wiring of electrical constructions, transmission lines, industrial machinery, and other related equipment. Electricians can be employed in both the construction of new electrical equipment or the repair and maintenance of existing electrical infrastructure. Regardless of what type of electrician you work for, you must have knowledge of electricity and a safe working environment.
Some people may consider electricians as tradesmen, but in truth, an electrician’s job description often includes the construction or repair of various forms of electrical power systems. Electricians are typically called upon to evaluate and make repairs to electrical power systems that are in operation for any number of reasons. Some industrial plants rely upon complex power systems that require the use of multiple transformers, generators, and substations. Electricians are also responsible for maintaining these power systems, such as maintaining the proper amount of voltage, amperage, and overloads so that equipment will function safely.
Prior to obtaining a license to work in this field, electricians must first take a variety of college courses that prepare them to effectively perform their job. The requirements for licensure vary by state, and most states require electricians to be licensed before they can legally perform certain jobs. To get licensed, electricians must complete either a two-year associate degree program at a community college or a four-year bachelor’s degree at a university that offers courses on electrical technology. Electricians also must successfully pass a written exam from The Electricians Registry. If the electrician fails the exam, he or she will not be able to take it again for two years.
As more job opportunities become available for electricians, the job outlook for this trade will likely continue to rise. With the continuing development of new technology and the ever-changing demands placed on electricians, the electricians of the future will have more responsibility and fewer years of training. As the electricians of the future become familiar with the various codes and regulations that protect residents of both residential and commercial buildings, the electricians of today will have more job opportunities. As the job outlook rises, the competition for apprentice jobs will grow as well.
In addition to the electricians who enter the profession through job completion programs at community colleges and vocational schools, there are also electricians who obtain their education by obtaining an associate degree or a certificate of completion from a college or vocational school that specializes in electricians. Many electricians start out in this specialized field working in their home, but some choose to pursue a career in a number of different specialty areas. Some choose to work for themselves in a residential area, while others decide to take on a job in a commercial building such as a hospital or office building. In addition to being required to know a great deal about all aspects of electrical systems, these electricians must possess the personality, character, work ethic, and communication skills required to be successful in their chosen career.
The licensing requirements for electricians vary from state to state. Most states require that electricians have either a high school diploma or an equivalent GED, while a few states require no diploma whatsoever. Often, a person may need to pass the exams required for licensing before they can legally begin practicing as an electrician in a particular state. It is important to remember, however, that many electricians continue to work without holding a license because they have completed the necessary steps to become licensed in that particular state. All electricians, regardless of the type of license they hold, must comply with all local and state regulations in order to maintain their licenses.
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